Luxembourg is a small country in the north-west of Europe which is characterized by the charm of natural beauty, peaceful and beautiful scenery of many ancient architectural styles. The old town of Luxembourg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is full of impressive objects. Top 10 tourist attractions in Luxembourg are listed below.
1. Gëlle Fra
Gëlle Fra or the Golden Lady was set up in 1923 to commemorate the Luxembourgers who volunteered in the armed forces of the Allied Powers during the First World War. The monument is a symbol of the freedom of Luxembourg which is located in the center of Place de la Constitution, from where tourists can admire the beautiful scenery of the city.
2. Adolphe Bridge or Pont Adolphe
Adolphe Bridge or Pont Adolphe, or Arch-Bridge, is one of the most important, famous and beautiful landmarks in Luxembourg. It was erected between 1900 and 1903 during the rule of Grand Duke Adolphe to present independence of the country. This big double arch bridge spans for more than 85 meters across the Pétrusse valley at a height of 42 meters, and its total length reaches 153 meters. The construction is mimicked from the walnut lane bridge of the United States.
3. Bock Casemates
Bock Casemates is a fortress on a cliff above the Alzette River which is made of natural stone. It is a historic tourist attraction and geological exploration site which was declared a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage in 1994. This fortress was built from stones stacked to protect from the enemy. The outside of the fortress is surrounded by a moat and along the cliffs there are holes for placing the cannons. The construction of this fortress began in 963 and they were building the castle of the nobles at first. But later it was used as a stronghold to defend against foreign invasions, which is known as one of the strongest fortresses in Europe. In 1867 the fortress was destroyed under the Treaty of London and the remaining parts of it are a major tourist attraction in Luxembourg.
- From 10:00 till 17:30, October-March
- From 10:00 till 20:30, April-September
- 7.00 Euro: Adults
- 6.00 Euro: Students, seniors
- 3.50 Euro: Children from 4 to 12 years
- Free: for children under 4 years
4. Chemin de la Corniche
The Chemin de la Corniche fortress has been called "the most beautiful balcony of Europe” (according to the Luxembourg writer Batty Weber). The fortress that stretches along the Alzette valley was built by the Spaniards and the French in the 17th century. Tourists can admire panoramic views of Luxembourg City, Grund and Rham Plateau.
5. Neumünster Abbey
Neumünster Abbey is a public meeting place and cultural centre, located in the Grund district of Luxembourg City. The Neumünster Abbey consists of a church and four wings enclosing the inner courtyard. The old Altmünster Benedictine abbey was destroyed in 1542. At the end of the 18th century, after the French Revolution, authorities expropriated the Church of Saint John and the abbey was altered to house a military hospital which functioned until 1867. After the State took over the premises, Neumünster was used as a prison for male inmates up to 1980. After more than 10 years of restoration works, the abbey reopened to the public in 2004.
6. Place d'Armes
Place d'Armes is a square in Luxembourg City which is located in the south of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. This square was built in 1670 and in the past it was used as a parade ground for the troops defending the Luxembourg City. Nowadays, this square is the busiest shopping and meeting place in the capital city of Luxembourg. The surrounding area has various restaurants and pubs. The area is also used to organize entertainment activities and a flea market during the day. At night, there are shows of the musicians and performances entertaining locals and visitors.
7. Notre-Dame Cathedral, Luxembourg
Notre Dame Cathedral is a major tourist attraction in Luxembourg. It is the only cathedral in Luxembourg. It was originally a Jesuit church, and its cornerstone was laid in 1613. Nowadays, Notre-Dame Cathedral is the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Luxembourg City. The church is a noteworthy example of late Gothic architecture but it also has many Renaissance elements and adornments, with a distinctive feature, 3 high-spiers that can be seen from a distance.
8. Grand Ducal Palace
The Grand Ducal Palace is a palace in Luxembourg City. It is the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The building was first the city hall of Luxembourg from 1572 to 1795. From 1817, the palace became the residence of the Governor, the representative of the Dutch Grand Dukes. At present, tourists can see the soldiers of the military of Luxembourg performing guard duties in front of the palace.
9. Luxembourg City History Museum
The Luxembourg City History Museum illustrates the thousand-year history of the City of Luxembourg with both permanent and temporary exhibits. The museum is located in the old town. It is open to the public every day except Monday, from 10:00 to 18:00.
Grund is a quarter in central Luxembourg City. It is located in the valley below the centre of Luxembourg City on the banks of the Alzette River. In addition to being a picturesque area, Grund is a popular nightlife precinct which can be accessed by foot or via a lift which descends through the cliff.
Luxembourg Hop-On Hop-Off Bus is a perfect choice for those who want to explore top tourist attractions in Luxembourg with convenience and speed. For your convenience, bus tickets can be booked online: Luxembourg Hop-on Hop-off Tour - 24h Ticket.
Most of top tourist attractions can also be visited on a day trip to Luxembourg from Brussels, and travel through the scenic Belgian Ardennes by joining Luxembourg & Dinant: Full-Day Sightseeing Tour from Brussels.
Want to visit Luxembourg's top attractions independently? You can try our Luxembourg in 1 Day Trip Itinerary as we have visited most of them just in one day.